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SLIC can speed antibiotic testing by using it with samples such as urine taken directly from the patient. Urine is placed in a chamber within SLIC with no antibiotic and SLIC will detect whether there is growth present, indicating an infection. The other five chambers contain the antibiotics usually used to treat urinary infections. If the bacteria are susceptible there will be no growth: i.e. no change in the read-out. If the bacteria are resistant it will grow in the same way as the chamber without antibiotic. This means that a patient can pop into the surgery to deliver a sample – go to have a coffee and return in half an hour to receive the right prescription if an antibiotic is needed. It also means that if infection is not diagnosed no antibiotic is prescribed and the health care staff can look for an alternative explanation for the symptoms. In our clinical pilot study, we showed that all of the results were found in much less than 30 minutes.